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Marckel, M - sugar maple

Page history last edited by PBworks 12 years, 6 months ago

Sugar Maple, or Acer saccharum, is the state tree in Vermont, New York, and New Hampshire -- and it was favored by the ancient Romans, too, who used shafts of the wood to make their spears. The sugar maple is particularly beloved nowadays for its sweet sap, which has been poured liberally atop many a breakfast pancake. Each spring, a sugar maple produces 1 to 8 pints of sap. It can take forty pints of sap to make one pint of maple syrup. 

    The bark is gray and dark with long, flat ridges that curl out in one direction. It's leaves are wide with a U-shaped space between two lobes and three main veins with smooth edges. The leaves grow in opposite pairs on the branch and it's buds are reddish-brown and pointy.



http://www.grownative.org/image/plantlib/DETA-214.jpg    http://www.huntersville.org/interactive%20ordinance/IMAGES/SugarMaple.jpg





Growth habit: Tree, Shrub


Habitat type: Temperate Coniferous Forests


Habitat: Native to hardwood forests of Northeast North America. Prefers cool, moist summers in deep, well-drained, moist, rich, slightly acidic soils.


Map of where species is found

Plant life form: Perennial


Rare or Common: Common, although, edge diminishing due to warming average temperatures


Invasive: No


Active growth period: spring and summer


Flower color: Yellow



  1. Major source for producing maple syrup. One of two top producers, along with Black Maple.


  2. One of the hardest woods of all maples.  Popular is sport equipment, including bowling alleys and pines, NBA basketball quarts, baseball bats, etc.


  3. Excellent shade tree. Very fast growing


Interesting facts:


  1. Seldom flower until at least age 22


  2. Wind pollinated


  3. Normal heights of 25-35 m tall


  4. Height at 20 years: Max 20 feet


  5. Height, Mature: 100 feet


  6. Easily identified by clear sap in leaf petiole


  7. Canadian national tree


  8. Valued for beautiful colors and grand appearance in autumn




Native Range













Acer saccharum Marsh. var. saccharum. United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. (cited 2008 Feb 18). Available from: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ACSAS


Acer saccharum. The Ohio State University. (cited 2008 Feb 18). Available from: http://www.hcs.ohio-state.edu/hcs/TMI/Plantlist/ac_harum.html


Conservation Science >Nearctic. World Wildlife Foundation. (cited 2008 Feb 18). Available from: http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/ecoregions/nearctic.cfm


Richard M. Godman, Harry W. Yawney, and Carl H. Tubbs: Acer saccharum Marsh. (cited 2008 Feb 18). Available from: http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/acer/saccharum.htm


Acer saccharum. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (cited 2008 Feb 18). Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sugar_maple


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