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Closius, E - Passiflora incarnata

Page history last edited by PBworks 12 years, 5 months ago
  
 
PPart 1
 
The Purple passionflower is a perennial vine that grows in the southeastern United States. It is a tendril climbing vine. (Beautiful Flower:Passion Flower…[updated 2007]. It is also known as the Apricot vine, May-Pop, and the Purple Passion-Flower. The scientific name is  Passifloraincarnata L. In Ohio, they are typically referred to as the Maypop. It has been found in the following states: Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia. The purple passion flower is rare in Indiana and the Maypop is threatened in Ohio. You will find the passion flower in sandy thickets, roadsides, open fields, and waste places. It is found in the Nearctic Region and the Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests. (Passifloraincarnate…updated 2008]. 
 
 The name of the Passion Flower came from the Spanish explorers who thought that the flowers of the Passion Flower looked like the thorns on the crown that Jesus Christ had worn incarnata L (Passifloraincarnate…[updated 2008].  I picked this plant because when I was looking at pictures of plants, I thought that it was so intricate and beautiful. In Ohio, they are typically referred to as the Maypop  It has been found in the following
  during the “Passion of Christ.” In the early 1840’s, the Passionflower was pioneered into the medical community.(Beautiful Flower:Passion Flower…[updated 2007].
The passion flower has dark green, three lobed leaves. There are several flowers with white petals and sepals and central filaments of pinkish-purple. They also contain many tendrils, which are stems or leaves with threadlike shapes. The main, large flower is typically situated above the petals and sepals. They then can be pollinated by insects, and are self-sterile. Behind the flowers are delicious fruits, with white pulps that mature into a yellow color (Beautiful Flower:Passion Flower…[updated 2007].
 
          
        The Purple passionflower is a herblike, non-woody plant that sprawls along the ground. The petals also have wavy segments that resemble hair. The passionflower is Native to Texas. The fruits of a passionflower are normally arranged in a ring above the petals and sepals are oval shaped and orange in color when ripe. It is a very intricate flower. Each leaf of the flower is either toothed or lobed. Blooming of the purple passionflower first occurs in early summer and continues to late summer. It is fast growing with climbing stems. The purple passionflower is self-sterile or can be pollinated by insects, such as bumblebees and butterflies. The vine also prefers a soil with a pH of 7. Under adequate growing resources, the flower can last from 3-10 years. When the vine touches anything it begins to grow around it, and this can occur within hours.
  In order to cultivate, the passion flower requires clay loam sand, well-drained soil, with a low acidic level. It also requires direct sunlight for at least half of the day. Once cultivated, the passion flower grows very quickly. It ranges in height from about 12-36 Ft. The passionflower can be cultivated by seeds or by cuttings. The cuttings of the passionflower work well for cultivation and are easily rooted and best if taken in the early spring. For germination, fresh seeds are the best. The purple passionflower spread by underground roots and therefore should be planted in areas where spreading will not be a problem (Beautiful Flower:Passion Flower…[updated 2007]. According to some authoritative sources, the purple passion flower can be seen as an invasive (Passifloraincarnate…[updated 2008].  
            The passion flower contains Harman and harmaline, which are two dangerous alkaloids. If too much is taken, the uterus tissue could be affected. The leaves and roots of the passionflower have long been used by people for medicinal reasons. The colored flowers are used to obtain compounds that relax the CNS and promote emotional imbalance. The extract also has mild sedative and anti-anxiety effects. In Italy a combination involving the passion flower, belladonna, and lobelia is used for the treatment in asthma (Beautiful Flower:Passion Flower…[updated 2007].
 


PART 2

 

 

 
According to the WWF, the purple passionflower is located in the Nearctic Biogeographic area. Of the 14 biomes it is located in the Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests biome and the Temperate Coniferous Forests. 99% of the southeastern mixed forests have been converted into agriculture. Habitat loss is relatively common in this ecoregion and it is the most highly settled area. There is also a lack of fire management in these areas and is viewed as a serious degradation loss. So in this case, improving fire management would be a major step to helping the Southeastern area. The Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests can be characterized as a temeperate and humid biome. It has cool and warm seasons and the soil is very fertile.  The Temperate and Mixed Forests cover around 7.5 million squar kilometers. The Temperate Coniferous Forests is a terrestrial biome identified by warm summers and cool winters with adequate rainfall. In both biomes there is a mix of deciduous trees. In both these areas, you see areas being converted to farmland and more suburban development. I think that pollution can be a major problem to most biomes also. Since the Purple PassionFlower can be seen as an invasive plant in some areas it could be considered a threat to those areas.  I picked this plant because it is so intricate and beautiful looking. We must preserve the lands that  these plants can grow on by taking care of our environment.
 
Image Resources:
 
Image 1: http://www.passionflowerstory.com/images.html 
 
 
 
Bibliography
Beautiful Flower:Passion Flower [Internet]. [Updated 2007]. [Cited 2008 February 17]. Available from: http://www.passionflowerstory.com/name-symbolism.html
 
PassionFlower [Internet]. Alternative Nature (US); [updated 2007; cited 2008 February 17]. Available from: http://www.altnature.com/gallery/passionflower.htm
 
Passifloraincarnate [Internet]. [ updated 2008 January 28]. Baton Rouge (LA): National Plant Data Center; [cited 2008 February 17]. Available from http://plants.usda.gov
 
Bergeron, K. PassionFlower Passiflora Incarnata[internet]. http://www.altnature.com/gallery/passionflower.htm. 18 Feb 2008.
 
USDA, NRCS. 2008. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 28 January 2008). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
 

World Wildlife Fund. Temperate Coniferous Forest Ecoregions. 2006. [Internet - Updated 11 Jul 2006] [Cited 5 Mar 2008]. Available from: http://www.panda.org/about_wwf/where_we_work/ecoregions/about/habitat_types/selecting_terrestrial_ecoregions/habitat05.cfm

 

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